Adaptation in the training methodology
Along with the evolution of this sport, the coaches have adapted with new work methodologies. To achieve this greater versatility of the players, the “coaches” invest a lot of time in the development of individual technical and tactical skills. They look for more complete players, without leaving aside the specific skills of the role, which they occupy in the track. In traditional basketball, training was more focused on collective tactics. On the other hand, the current coaches, who have better results, are more oriented to the individual improvement of the player. In Spain, we have many coaches who specialize in individual technique and tactics. Of those who are active, in ACB league, we can highlight “Sito Alonso” and “Diego Ocampo”.
What are the game positions in basketball?
The game positions in basketball, are divided mainly into two groups: indoor and outdoor. The indoor game is called one that develops from spaces very close to the ring, to areas located at a distance of 4 or 5 meters approximately. On the other hand, the exterior game is that generated in distant regions, beyond the 6.75-meter line.
Within this classification, the interior and exterior positions have traditionally been subdivided, taking into account different roles:
– Outside positions: base, escort, and wing.
– Interior positions: wing and pivot.
BASE (Point Guard, Playmaker)
He is in charge of directing the game. Generally, he raises the ball from one track to another to put it into play as soon as possible. Its function is to organize, direct, control the rhythm of the game, depending on the situation of the game, etc. In short, it is the voice of the coach on the court, his right hand. They tend to be shorter than the rest of the players. Its usual zone of play is the central area of the perimeter. He is also identified as a player who plays in the “1” position.
A good base must comply with a series of characteristics:
Good peripheral vision.
Excellent ability to move inside and outside, in long and short distances.
Great skill with the ball.
A lot of agility of feet and hands to defend.
In modern basketball, many experiments have been done to dispense with the base. The escort, already assumes many functions of this, even in some teams, other players also do.
ESCOLTA (Low Eaves, Shooting Guard)
It is an intermediate position between base and eaves. There are bodyguards, who can perform the three external functions (base-escort-eaves), without any problem. Generally, it is a bit more overweight than the base, and on numerous occasions it carries out its work. He is known as a player who plays in the position of “2”. The characteristics of a good escort are the same as those of a suitable base, adding that they are usually more scorers. Its playing area is located outside the 6.75-meter line.
ALERO (Alero Alto, Small Forward)
It is usually the bulkiest exterior player. He is fast, although not as fast as the base and the guard. Their general area of play is open on the perimeter, although, in specific situations, they can play from inside positions. He is known as a player who plays “3”.
The main characteristics of a right eave are:
Quick to run the counterattack
Skilled when penetrating any situation of one against one.
Bouncer. He must help the team in the offensive and defensive rebound.
The good percentage of success in shooting from the outside.